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Osteoporosis

Osteoporosis is a disease that affects our skeleton. Bone mineral density is reduced and bone microarchitecture deteriorates. Bone mass is resorbed and eventually the structure of the bone will be destroyed. That is the reason why bones become weaker and weaker und break more easily. In spite of all this, osteoporosis does not have to be an adverse fate.
Bones live, undergo remodelling, change and adapt to the level of their stress exposure. The bones are the strongest and reach the highest bone mass density, the so-called peak bone mass, by the age of 25. The bone forming cells, the osteoblasts, are responsible for this development. In young adults the number of bone forming cells, the osteoblasts, and bone resorbing cells, the osteoclasts, is well balanced. Due to aging, physical inactivity, malnutrition, luxury foodstuffs and stimulants, diseases, and adverse effects of medication this balance gets lost and an imbalance of bone absorption and bone formation develops. Bone resorption takes place at a rate that exeeds bone synthesis. This can lead to significant bone loss and finally to osteoporosis. 



Dr. med. Martin Böhringer Facharzt für Orthopädie - 91074 Herzogenaurach
Developement of osteoporosis
Dr. med. Martin Böhringer Facharzt für Orthopädie - 91074 Herzogenaurach
Dr. med. Martin Böhringer Facharzt für Orthopädie - 91074 Herzogenaurach

Osteologist of the DVO

As a trained and certified certified osteologist osteologist of the DVO, you can assess your individual risk of developing osteoporosis, explain avoidance strategies or, if necessary, have your osteoporosis treated according to guidelines. I can analyse and evaluate your individual risk of osteoporosis and, in case you already suffer from this disease, you can be treated in accordance with the clinical practice guidelines. DVO-certifikate Dr. Böhringer
Our employees are also DVO-trained and qualified.


Osteoporosis risk questionnaire


In order to make an accurate diagnosis, you are kindly requested to fill in the osteoporosis form or this Osteoporosis risk questionnaire and consent to bone density measurement (only available in German ) in advance.


       
Dr. med. Martin Böhringer Facharzt für Orthopädie - 91074 Herzogenaurach

DXA-Bone density scanning

The WHO established criteria for diagnosing osteoporosis based on bone mineral density. Dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) is today's established standard for measuring bone mineral density and for monitoring osteoporosis treatment.

This method is also employed in our practice. It is extremely accurate, reliable, and it exposes the patient to an extremely small dose of radiation. Measuring bone density is a very important factor, especially for pharmacotherapy. However, it is not the only determining factor for bone stability.

If you have already been with us or Dr. Paulus to determine bone density, we can compare your stored preliminary examination(s) directly with the new data.
By then also displaying your entire bone density development graphically, we can determine a trend, thereby checking the effectiveness of your previous treatment and making a plausible recommendation for further measures.





Risk factors

Besides insufficient bone mineral density there are further risk factors which influence the risk of osteoporotic fractures: lack of exercise, risk of falling, gender, age, early menopause, insufficient body weight, cortisone treatment, genetic (family) predisposition, smoking and illnesses that can cause a so-called secondary osteoporosis.

Radiation exposure is approx. 1 - 2 µSv, which is extremely low especially if you compare it to the natural radiation exposure of a person (5 – 8 µSV per day). And it is much less than the amount emitted during computer tomography of your abdomen (10.000–25.000µSv).

For self pay patients, costs for bone density scanning with examination of both your hips and your lumbar spine are approx. €40. If you wish to have a short consultation about your osteoporosis situation, we would charge you an additional amount of €9.

DXA examinations are easy, fast, and painless. Virtually no preparation is needed. In the DXA examination, which measures bone densitiy in the hip and spine, the patient lies on a padded table. The mineral content of the bone is then calculated by a computer whereby the measurements are compared with an average index based on age, sex, and size. Your test results are reported in two numbers : 

  • T-score: Your T-score is your bone density compared with what is normally expected in a healthy young adult of your sex (peak bone mass). Furthermore, this score helps determine if you have osteoporosis - a disease that causes bones to become more fragile and more likely to break.

  • Z-score: This number reflects the amount of bone you have compared with other people in your age group and of the same size and gender.
 

Therapy

The methods of treating osteoporosis are as manifold as the causes for the disease itself. The most important therapies for treating age-related osteoporosis are: physical activity, fall prevention, medication (vitamin D, calcium-rich diet, antiresorptive and bone anabolic medications).

Please contact us on your next visit to find your individual therapy.