Hyaluronic acid is a natural substance which can be found in the human body wherever moisture is absorbed or when tissue is rubbed . This is for example the vitreous of the eye, the precorneal film (tear film), the cartilage, the synovial fluid, all mucous membranes of the body, but also the basic substance of the skin consisting of 55 per cent of hyaluronic acid. Hyaluronic acid fulfils various functions. It can absorb and save enormous amounts of moisture, it can be a kind of lubricant, but also the transport medium for nutrients. It also functions as a filter or strainer in the synovial fluid and thus prevents the passage of inflammatory molecules.
Under an electron microscope hyaluronic acid looks similar to a plate of spaghetti. A lack of hyaluronic acid in various tissues is rather common. This can lead to annoying pain up to chronic illnesses.
Missing hyaluronic acid can be replaced by biotechnologically produced hyluronic acid and injections can help alleviate pain. This applies for hyaluronic acid products used in ophthalmology as well as in orthopaedics.
Nowadays the highly modern production process can regulate the size of hyaluronic acid molecules precisely. This helps maximising the therapeutic benefit.
How is hyaluronic acid injection administered?
Depending on the affected joint and how far osteoarthritis has progressed, you will be given three to five injections with hyaluronic acid. These injections are administered once a week at your orthopeadist’s.
Knee joint injection
Normally your orthopaedist uses prefilled syringes for bigger joints such as knee, hip and shoulder whereas individually dosed injections are used with the smaller joints, i.e. finger and toe joint. Finger joint injection
Toe joint injection
During the treatment you will experience a decrease in pain and an increase in mobility. This treatment with hyaluronic acid may provide pain relief for up to 12 months. If necessary, this therapy can be repeated as often as required.